melanoma and skin cancer

melanoma and skin cancer


my question is, what are the causes of this disease? well, mainly there are three types of skin cancer the most common are, the squamous and basal cell carcinoma, and melanoma the main cause is prolonged sun exposure, after many years but the type that is directly linked to sun exposure is basal cell carcinoma that is the type we know is 100% an effect of sun exposure the other two yes, the sun plays an important role but they are not necesarilly caused by sun exposure the question is, how serious is this disease and how does it affect the patient’s lives? the most frequent one, which occurs on 80% of cases which is basal cell carcinoma is not that serious since it does not have a mortality risk but, it does cause local skin injury which if it’s not treated in time, can expand locally this type of tumor, or skin cancer does not travel to the lymphatic trach or blood vessels which is why after surgery the patient is cured it affects the patient in a way because it can result in deformation because many of these injuries can happen on the nose or near the eye or near areas where if not treated in time can deform you aesthetically and talking about melanoma that one is very dangerous melanoma is the skin cancer which develops from a pre-existing mole that is the one we worry about my next question is, what is the patient’s prognosis? the prognosis is very good, including melanoma if it’s detected on time speaking about basal and squamous cell carcinoma, they are relatively bening because after surgery the patient is cured we must do a check up on a patient annually for five years to see if there are more tumors or to see if the one removed came back melanoma when detected in time is 100% curable it depends on the depth of the already modified mole it is very bad when it’s detected late because by then it expanded to the lymphatic tracts, and there is not much to do there are not many treatments to offer which are the symptoms of the patients? or what are the patient’s biggest complaints? mainly the apparition of something that wasn’t there before mainly when it comes to basal and squamous cell carcinoma before they didn’t have anything they start to notice a mole that wasn’t there before the main symptom is bleeding it can scar but in time, they interact with it washing their face and it starts to bleed again that is the main symptom and in the case of melanoma, the change of an old mole how are patients tested for this disease? before, we only diagnosed it clinically, we had the clinical suspicion then we take a sample of 3mm we send it to pathology and a diagnosis is confirmed now we have new tools that help us diagnose through a lens, we can observe certain characteristics that lead us to believe to confirm we have a case of basal or squamous cell carcinoma or melanoma now for example i have an equipment here in my clinic called photo finder the equipment maps and photographs every mole in your body it’s software looks for characteristics where you suspect that the mole’s cell structure is being modified and that it must be removed the final diagnosis is made in the biopsy by the pathologist what are the patient’s treatment options? really in most cases, and the safest solution is surgery to remove the cancer or tumor but there are many treatment options there is a treatment called cryotherapy, which is based on liquid nitrogen there is medicine as treatment there is a cream called imikimod is worn for 6 weeks and it relies on the immune response of the patient we mainly use that in patients that are not suited for surgery still, the best treatment is surgery how effective are the different treatment options? very effective it relies on making the incision with borders tumor-free, so it wont come back

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *