Kidney Failure Definition And Facts | Kidney | HEALTH1USA

[Music] kidney failure definition and facts kidneys are the organs that filter waste products from the blood they are also involved in regulating blood pressure electrolyte balance and red blood cell production in the body symptoms of kidney failure are due to the build-up of waste products and excess fluid in the body that may cause weakness shortness of breath lethargy swelling and confusion in ability to remove potassium from the bloodstream may lead to abnormal heart rhythms and sudden death initially kidney failure may cause no symptoms there are numerous causes of kidney failure and treatment of the underlying disease may be the first step in correcting the kidney abnormality some causes of kidney failure are treatable and the kidney function may return to normal unfortunately kidney failure may be progressive in other situations and may be irreversible the diagnosis of kidney failure usually as made by blood tests measuring bun creatinine and glomerular filtration rate GFR treatment of the underlying cause of kidney failure may return kidney function to normal lifelong efforts to control blood pressure and diabetes may be the best way to prevent chronic kidney disease and its progression to kidney failure as we age kidney function gradually decreases over time if the kidneys fail completely the only treatment options available may be dialysis or transplant what is kidney disease what are the symptoms kidney disease refers to conditions and problems with the kidneys and their function signs and symptoms of kidney disease may vary depending upon the type however common nonspecific symptoms of chronic kidney disease include loss of appetite puffiness around the eyes fatigue dry eye tcy problems sleeping what are the kidneys where are they located the kidneys play key roles in body function not only by filtering the blood and getting rid of waste products but also by balancing the electrolyte levels in the body controlling blood pressure and stimulating the production of red blood cells the kidneys are located in the abdomen toward the back normally one on each side of the spine they get their blood supply through the renal arteries directly from the aorta and send blood back to the heart via the renal veins to the vena cava what do the kidneys do when blood flows to the kidney sensors within specialized kidney cells regulate how much water to excrete as urine along with what concentration of electrolytes for example if a person is dehydrated from exercise or from an illness the kidneys will hold on to as much water as possible and the urine becomes very concentrated when adequate water as present in the body the urine is much more dilute and the urine becomes clearer this system is controlled by renin a hormone produced in the kidney that is part of the fluid and blood pressure regulation systems of the body kidneys are also the source of Erath reportin in the body a hormone that stimulates the bone marrow to make red blood cells special cells in the kidney monitor the oxygen concentration in blood if oxygen levels fall erythropoietin levels rise and the body starts to manufacture more red blood cells urine that is made by each kidney flows through the ureter a tube that connects the kidney to the bladder urine is stored within the bladder and when urination occurs the bladder empties urine through a tube called the urethra [Music]

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