How to treat dandruff

How to treat dandruff


Dandruff is a common scalp condition in which
small pieces of dry skin flake off of the scalp. If you have dark hair or you’re wearing
dark colors, you may notice the flakes in your hair or on your shoulders. Dandruff may also make your scalp itch. Many people believe that dandruff is caused
by poor hygiene, but this is not true. Although infrequent shampooing can make dandruff
more obvious, researchers are still studying the causes, which appear to be complex. The most effective way to treat and control
dandruff is to use dandruff shampoo and scalp treatments. There are many types of dandruff shampoo,
and different active ingredients for controlling symptoms. The active ingredients are: When using dandruff shampoo, follow these
tips from dermatologists to get the best results: Follow the instructions on the shampoo bottle. Lather the shampoo into the hair and onto
the scalp. Some dandruff shampoos require that you leave
it in for about five minutes before rinsing. Others should not be left on the scalp. If you have Caucasian or Asian hair, shampoo
daily and use a dandruff shampoo at least twice a week. If you are African-American, shampoo your
hair and scalp once a week using dandruff shampoo. If using one dandruff shampoo does not bring
relief, try alternating between dandruff shampoos Be careful when using a dandruff shampoo that
contains coal tar. Tar shampoo can discolor blonde, grey or white
hair, so if you have light-colored hair, you may want to choose a different dandruff shampoo. Tar shampoo also has the potential to make
your scalp more sensitive to sunlight. If you use this type of dandruff shampoo,
it’s important to protect your scalp from the sun by wearing a hat when outdoors and
seeking shade whenever possible. For most people, dandruff does not require
medical attention. However, sometimes the flaking and itching
that appears like dandruff is actually a medical condition, such as seborrheic dermatitis,
psoriasis, fungal infections of the scalp, or eczema. If you continue to have symptoms after using
dandruff shampoos, see a board-certified dermatologist. A dermatologist can properly diagnose your
condition and recommend a treatment plan that best meets your needs. To find a dermatologist in your area, visit
aad.org.

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