Endometriosis: Pathology, Symptoms, Risk factors, Diagnosis and Treatment, Animation

Endometriosis: Pathology, Symptoms, Risk factors, Diagnosis and Treatment, Animation


Endometriosis is a condition in which the
endometrium – the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus – grows abnormally elsewhere. Common locations include the ovaries, fallopian
tubes, outer surface of the uterus, and other pelvic organs and connective tissues. The endometrium may also grow into the muscular
wall of the uterus, in which case, the condition is known as adenomyosis. The endometrium is a special tissue, it undergoes
periodic changes with each menstrual cycle. Each month, under the influence of estrogen,
the lining of the uterus grows and thickens, in preparation for the possibility of pregnancy. If fertilization does not take place, the
tissue breaks down and is shed in menstrual bleeding, and the cycle starts over. In endometriosis, the displaced endometrial
tissue behaves the same way, but the blood has nowhere to escape. It irritates the surrounding tissues, causing
inflammation, scarring, and possibly adhesions. Depending on the location, endometriosis may
cause a range of symptoms and problems, but the most common complaint is pelvic pain,
which can be of various kinds. Symptoms can be very different from person
to person. Endometriosis is very common. It is estimated that about 10% of women of
reproductive age have some degree of endometriosis. Higher risks are observed in women who have:
never had children, started periods at an early age, heavy periods that last longer
than usual, shorter cycles, relatives with endometriosis, or abnormalities in the reproductive
organs. Endometriosis usually develops several years
after the start of menstruation. The condition may temporarily improve with
pregnancy and may go away with menopause. Diagnosis is usually based on symptoms, but
because most symptoms are not specific, other conditions that may produce similar symptoms
must be first ruled out. Pelvic exams and imaging tests also help,
but only a biopsy, obtained by means of surgery, can give a definitive diagnosis. While endometriosis is not a cancer and usually
not life-threatening, it may cause infertility and/or unbearable symptoms in some women. Treatment options include:
– Pain medication, such as ibuprofen. – Hormone therapy, such as birth control pills,
to help control endometrial growth and prevent new implants. This, however, only works for as long as the
medication is taken, symptoms usually return after treatment is stopped. – Surgery to remove endometrial implants may
provide a definitive cure for severe endometriosis. It may also improve fertility provided that
the reproductive organs remain intact.

3 Comments

  • Alila Medical Media says:

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  • Joseph P Phiri says:

    Thanks
    Best medical channel

  • Abdullrahman Aldabobi says:

    Great and simple

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