Dermatomyositis ¦ Treatment and Symptoms

Dermatomyositis ¦ Treatment and Symptoms


Dermatomyositis, what is it overview? Dermatomyositis is a rare inflammatory disease common symptoms of dermatomyositis Include a distinctive skin rash muscle weakness and inflammatory myopathy or inflamed muscles It’s one of only three known inflammatory myopathies dermatomyositis can affect both adults and children There’s no cure for this condition but symptoms can be managed causes the exact cause of dermatomyositis Isn’t known however It has many similarities to an autoimmune disease an autoimmune Disease occurs when your body’s disease fighting cells called antibodies attack your healthy cells Having a compromised immune system may also contribute to getting the disease. For example Having a viral infection or cancer may compromise your immune system and lead to the development of dermatomyositis risk factors Anyone can develop dermatomyositis? however, according to the Mayo Clinic it’s most common in adults between the ages of 40 and 60 and children between the Ages of 5 and 15 the disease affects women more often than men symptoms in most cases The first symptom is a distinctive skin rash on the face eyelids chest nail cuticle areas knuckles knees or elbows The rash is patchy and usually a bluish purple color You may also have muscle weakness that gets worse over weeks or months This muscle weakness usually starts in your neck arms or hips and can be felt on both sides of your body Other symptoms you might experience are muscle pain muscle tenderness problems swallowing Lung problems hard calcium deposits underneath the skin which is mostly seen in children fatigue Unintentional weight loss fever there a subtype of dermatomyositis that includes the rash, but the knot muscle weakness This is known as a mo Pathak dermatomyositis Diagnosis of dermatomyositis Your doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical exam Dermatomyositis is an easier inflammatory muscle disease to diagnose because of the rash associated with it your doctor may also order an MRI to look for abnormal muscles an Electro me a graffiti mg to record electrical impulses that control your muscles a Blood analysis to check your levels of muscle enzymes and Auto antibodies which are antibodies that attack normal cells a muscle biopsy to look for inflammation and other problems associated with a disease in a sample of muscle tissue a Skin biopsy to look for changes caused by the disease in a skin sample treatment for dermatomyositis For most people there’s no cure for dermatomyositis Treatment can improve the condition of your skin and muscle weakness available treatments include medication physical therapy and surgery Corticosteroid medications such as prednisone are the preferred method of treatment in most cases You can take them by mouth or apply them to your skin corticosteroids lower the response of your immune system which reduces the number of inflammation causing antibodies for some people especially children symptoms may resolve completely after a treatment course with Corticosteroids this is called remission Remission may be long lasting and sometimes even permanent Corticosteroids especially in high doses shouldn’t be used for extended periods of time because of their potential side effects Your doctor will most likely start you on a high dose and then gradually lower it. Some people can eventually stopped taking corticosteroids completely if their symptoms go away and stay away after stopping the medication if Corticosteroids alone don’t improve yours Your doctor might prescribe other medications to suppress your immune system corticosteroids pairing medications are used to reduce the side effects of Corticosteroids drugs such as Athiya prynne and methotrexate may be used if your case is advanced or if you have any complications from corticosteroids intravenous immunoglobulin IV if you have dermatomyositis Your body is producing antibodies that target your skin and muscles intravenous immunoglobulin IV egg uses healthy antibodies to block these antibodies ivic consists of a mixture of antibodies that have been collected from thousands of healthy people who have donated their blood These antibodies are given to you through and for additional treatments your doctor might suggest additional Treatments such as physical therapy that improves and preserves your muscle strength along with preventing loss of muscle tissue an anti-malarial medication hydroxychloroquine for a persistent rash surgery to remove calcium deposits medications to help with pain possible complications of dermatomyositis The muscle weakness and skin problems linked with dermatomyositis can cause a number of problems Some common complications are skin ulcers gastric ulcers difficulty breathing lung infections problems swallowing malnutrition weight loss Dermatomyositis can also be associated with conditions such as Raynaud’s phenomenon Maya cárdenas interstitial lung disease other connective tissue diseases increased risk of developing cancers Outlook there’s no cure for dermatomyositis for most people but your symptoms can be treated Your doctor will create a treatment plan for you that will help you manage your symptoms

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