Alopecia Areata: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments | Explained by Dr Nivedita Dadu- Expert Dermatologist

Alopecia Areata: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments | Explained by Dr Nivedita Dadu- Expert Dermatologist


Hi Everyone There are a lot of myths related to Alopecia
areata which is a hair disorder so today I chose to speak
on this topic Alopecia Areata
Causes, Symptoms & Treatments a lot of people don’t know what exactly alopecia areata is Alopecia areata is a common autoimmune
skin disease causing patchy hair loss on the scalp, beard area, eyebrows, eyelashes. or any other part of the body Causes Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder An autoimmune disorder is a condition that
arises from an abnormal immune response to the normal functioning body cells. In the condition of alopecia areata, the hair
follicles get affected. Usually, the bald patches appear immediately
and impact only a limited area. Risk factors Risk factors include – Genetics, particularly
when the disease occurs in people younger than 30 years, they usually have at least
one family member who has been diagnosed with the same disorder The risk of developing alopecia areata
is also unusually high in people who are suffering from some other autoimmune disease like thyroid
disease, vitiligo, pernicious anemia, and Down syndrome Stress can also be an aggravating factor Symptoms Generally, this condition shows no symptoms However, you can start seeing the onset of
this problem as small round, coin-sized or oval patches of baldness appearing on the
scalp The area of bald skin looks smooth and normal
with no itching, burning or redness More severe forms of hair loss disorder can
involve the entire scalp or the entire body, including the eyebrows, eyelashes, beard. Types Of Alopecia Areata The first and most
common form is alopecia areata patchy, with one or more coin-sized hairless patches on
the scalp or other areas of the body. Alopecia Totalis: It is the one in which a
total loss of the hair on the scalp occurs. Alopecia Universalis: which involves hair
loss from the entire body involve
including scalp and face. Treatment Treatments of alopecia areata can vary depending
on several factors, including age of the patient, the amount of your hair loss, duration of hair loss,
and the area affected. For limited areas of alopecia, the most effective
initial therapy is a series of corticosteroid injections into the bald patches to suppress
the immune reaction. In rapidly progressing and widespread disease,
oral corticosteroid can be given. Topical treatment includes topical application
of steroid, immunomodulators, growth promoters, and counter-irritants. If you or your loved ones are suffering from
any of these symptoms, then consult your dermatologist immediately. Stay Happy Stay healthy!

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